How to make a beat using Fruity Loops
Things You'll Need:
Click on the Icon
Open FL Studio
On the left side, click on the category "packs" and choose the instruments that you want to use. There are also
instruments under the category "channel presets," but the majority of instruments are under "packs." From the
list that comes down, you can select your instruments from the different categories. To hear what an instrument
sounds like, click on it and the sound will play. When you get more experienced with FL Studio, you can
download other instruments and sounds to use.
When you have an instrument/sound you like and want to use, hold down the left mouse button over the
instrument and drag it to the instrument panel. You can either replace one of the instruments that is already
there by dropping it over the one you want to replace, or add it to the list of existing instruments.
The three key things you want are
1. Drums (usually snare, kick, and hi-hat)
3. Instrument to carry the melody (This is usually a synth or strings or something along those lines)
Of course most rap beats use more instruments than just these three, but no beat is missing any of these things.
You are now ready to start composing.
The tempo is to the right of the play/stop buttons.
Make Music! A good place to start is the drum beat. To do this, use the instrument panel where you placed the
instruments you chose. Each little rectangle represents a sixteenth note, and every four rectangles represents a
quarter note. If you click a rectangle, it turns white, and this means that the instrument will play on this beat. In
order to undo a white rectangle that you clicked, right click on the rectangle and it will go back to normal.
To easily understand this, recreate the beat that I have made in the image. To hear what it sounds like click the
play button. This should give you an idea of how you can create a beat by filling in different rectangles. Typical
rap beats have the snare hit on beats 2 and 4, as in the image. To change the tempo/speed of the beat, click
and hold down the left mouse button over the number to the left of the play button. Move your mouse backward
and forward to make the tempo faster and slower. In the image, the tempo is 140. Play around with this until you
get a beat and tempo that you want.
Now you want to add your drum beat to the song. Look at the lower section of the large panel on the right side of
the screen. By default pattern 1 and the following row will be highlighted. Click to the right of pattern 1 in the
highlighted row to add your drum beat. The number of times you add your beat following this will be the number
of times it is repeated/played. Now click on pattern 2.
Make sure you're on pattern two. This allows you to separate your drum beat from the other instruments so you
can play it independently. You'll notice that the drum beat you just created is gone, but don't worry, it's still in
pattern 1. The next step is to create a bass line. The bass line should be catchy but simple at the same time. In
order to make a bass line, you must first open up the piano roll for your bass instrument. To do this, right click
your bass, and scroll down and select piano roll. This will open up a sideways piano, as you can see in the
picture. The bolded vertical lines represent the quarter note beat. The horizontal lines separate the notes from
each other. Recreate what I did on the piano roll by looking at the image. To change the length of a note hover
your mouse to the right side of the note until it turns into a double-sided arrow and move your mouse left and
right to change the length. Once you've recreated what I made in the image press play. You'll notice the
relationship between how long the notes play and the size of the bar on the piano roll. Play around until you
understand how the piano roll works and come up with a bass line that goes along with your beat. Once you've
got a bass line, add it to pattern 2. Now highlight pattern 3.
Now it's time to add your melody. Open up the piano roll for your melody instrument the same way you opened it
for the bass, by right clicking on the instrument and selecting piano roll. This piano roll works the same way. You
want a melody that is in the same key as your bass line so it doesn't sound conflicting. Once you have your
melody, add it to pattern 3. To add more sounds to your song highlight the subsequent patterns and make more
layers. A good rap hip-hop song follows this formula:
1. Intro - usually 8 bars
2. Three verses - usually 16 bars each
3. Three Choruses - usually 8 bars each
4. Outro - Usually 8 bars
Play your song! It is now time to hear all your hard work in a song. To the left of the play bar there are two lights.
One is off when the other is on. They are pattern (pat) and song. Click on the light next to the song and hit play.
Enjoy your music!
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